Ph.D., 1981 Columbia University
Japanese History; Peasant Studies; Historiography; Asian Civilizations
Ph.D., 1979, University of Wisconsin
Economic History, Economic Theory, Political Economy, Law and Legal History
Ph.D., 1980 Istanbul University.
Ottoman and Modern Turkish Social and Economic History
Ph.D., 1988 University of Chicago.
Boğaziçi University Department of History