Undergraduate Courses

UNDERGRADUATE COURSES
 

Course List

UNDERGRADUATE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS CORE PROGRAM

HIST 101 Historical Method and Thought I                                   (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Tarihte Yöntem ve Düşünce I) 
An introduction to the discipline of history and its sources. A survey of historiography and of the variety, traditions and analytical tools of historical writing. Designed to familiarize students with the basic agendas and problematics of history writing and to provide a critical and comparative perspective on different approaches and methods used in the discipline.
 
HIST 102 Historical Method and Thought II                                  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6                     
(Tarihte Yöntem ve Düşünce II)
An introduction to historiography and to the methods of historical writing through the study of a wide variety of authors, past and present. The aim is to expose the students to a selection of texts that illustrate the evolution of the discipline, the wide range of approaches used in history, and the interdisciplinary nature of research in the humanities and the social sciences.
 
HIST 105 The Making of the Modern World I                               (3+1+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Modern Dünyanın Oluşumu I)
A comparative inquiry into the origins, development and interaction of world civilizations. Exploration of the ancient, classical, Byzantine, medieval, Islamic and early Renaissance past of the Mediterranean region and the Near East; the impact of the early Turkic peoples in Central Asia and the Islamic World; the diverse cultures of South East Asia, China and Japan. Weekly discussion sessions and the study of audio-visual materials required.
 
HIST 106 The Making of the Modern World II                              (3+1+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Modern Dünyanın Oluşumu II)
A comparative exploration of the political, social and economic worlds of the three major Islamic empires of the early modern age; the Renaissance and the Reformation; the making of the absolutist states of Europe; science and commerce; the English Revolution and the Enlightenment; the American, French and Russian Revolutions of the modern age; the Industrial Revolution; nationalism and imperialism; World Wars I and II; the decline and transformation of China, Japan, India, the Ottoman world, Iran and Egypt in the modern age. Weekly discussion sessions and the study of audio- visual materials required. 
 

HIST 209 Research Methods in History I                                     (4+0+0) 4 ECTS 5
(Tarihte Araştırma Yöntemleri I)

Introduction to the practice and skills of research in history with emphasis on quantitative methods and written sources. Quantitative methods in history, developing skills in handling, visualizing, mapping and interpreting social science data in printed and digital formats. Critical tools and basic techniques used in historical research and writing. Exposure to historical materials from written, material and visual evidence to oral accounts, and from archival, library, and archaeological materials to audiovisual and web-based sources through discussions, presentations, research projects and papers.

Prerequisites: HIST 101 and HIST 102

 

HIST 210 Research Methods in History II                                    (4+0+0)  4 ECTS 5
(Tarihte Araştırma Yöntemleri I)

Introduction to the practice and skills of research in history with emphasis on methods of oral history and visual and material data. Quantitative methods in history, developing skills in handling, visualizing, mapping and interpreting social science data in printed and digital formats. Critical tools and basic techniques used in historical research and writing. Exposure to historical materials from written material and visual evidence to oral accounts, and from archival, library, and archaeological materials to audiovisual and web-based sources through discussions, presentations, research projects and papers.

Prerequisites: HIST 101 and HIST 102

 

HIST 221: History of Medieval Turco-Persian Societies (800-1250) (Ortaçağ Türk-İran Toplumları Tarihi (800-1250)) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5

History of the geography and peoples of Central Asia, Iran and Anatolia between the ninth and the thirteenth centuries. The encounter and interaction between Turkic and Iranian societies within the wider context of the medieval eastern Islamic world.  Patterns of state formation and fragmentation analyzed in tandem with discussions of cultural, social and religious identities. Nomadism, cities and architecture, Silk Road exchange, language and literature, concepts of political sovereignty, conquest and settlement, continuity and change in pre-Islamic traditions, forms of medieval Islamic learning and historiography.

 
HIST 222, Ottoman History 1300-1600 (Osmanlı Tarihi 1300-1600)                                                                         (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5

Survey of Ottoman history between ca. 1300 and ca. 1600. The formation and subsequent transformations of the polity; the key issues in Ottoman social, economic and cultural history. Frontier society and the emergence of the Ottomans, conquest, consolidation and resistance to state-building, formation of the centralized empire and its institutions, imperial ideology and its representations, urban order and disorder, gender, communal relations, and the late sixteenth-century crisis and transformations. Discussion of historiographic issues; focus on a comparative perspective on Ottoman historical patterns.

 

HIST 241 Western European Societies, Politics and Cultures 1450 – 1750                                                                 (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Batı Avrupa Toplumları, Politika ve Kültür 1450 – 1750)

Western European History between ca. 1450 and 1750. Focus on social, economic, cultural and political history. Social structures and representations, the economy, demography, the family, gender, popular and elite culture, Humanism and the Renaissance, literacy, Protestant and Catholic reformations, European and overseas empires, slavery, the rise of the state, the general crisis of the seventeenth century, absolute monarchies and republics, dynastic rivalries, imperialism, credit and the fiscal state, political thought and the Enlightenment. Western Europe and overseas empires. Historiographical debates on nobility, gender, witchcraft, popular revolt, absolute monarchy and Louis XIV.

 

HIST 242 Western European Societies Politics and Cultures 1750 – 1890                                                                  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Batı Avrupa Toplumları, Politika ve Kültür 1750 – 1890 )

European History between 1750 and 1890. The French Revolution and its impact, modernizing development of Europe in the nineteenth century. The revolutions of 1789, 1830, 1848, economic modernization, artisans, gender, the development of political consciousness, new ideologies of liberalism, socialism, and nationalism, religion and popular culture, literacy and the public sphere, economic development, the development of class struggle, movements for the unification of Italy and Germany, the Second Republic and Second Empire, and Imperial Germany. Debates and historiography alongside primary sources. 

 

HIST 321 Ottoman History 1600-1876 (Osmanlı Tarihi 1600-1876)                                                                             (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5

Survey of Ottoman history between 1600 and 1876. Focus on the formation of the early modern Ottoman state as of the 17th century in a comparative perspective around the key issues of Ottoman economic, social and political history. Military, fiscal, social transformation through the 17th and 18th centuries, rise of various other polities and powers in the 18th century, rural and urban economic transformation, reform and modernization attempts in the late 18th century and the Tanzimat. Emphasis on Ottoman historiography and its implications.

 

HIST 322 History of Modern Turkey (Modern Türkiye Tarihi) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5

Late Ottoman and Republican history up to the 2000's. Discussion of the Ottoman legacy and the making of the nation-state, followed by a study of the evolution of the political and social structures during the Republican era in a comparative perspective. Wars and mass violence in the late Ottoman Empire, reforms and nationalism in the early republican period, political currents, role of the army, social transformations and cultural developments since the 1950's. Emphasis on the notions of nation, citizenship and identity, and the historiographic debates surrounding them.

 
HIST 335 History of the Byzantine Empire, 4th-9th centuries (Bizans İmparatorluğu Tarihi, 4.-9. Yüzyıllar)                       (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5

A survey of the late Roman and early Byzantine world from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 to the end of Iconoclasm in 843. Transformation of the Roman Empire into the Byzantine Empire in the late antique period; the transformations and challenges Byzantine society faced in the first few centuries of the Middle Ages. A chronological presentation of political developments and emphasis on social, economic, religious, and cultural aspects of Byzantine history.

HIST 336 History of the Byzantine Empire, 9th-15th centuries  (Bizans İmparatorluğu Tarihi, 9.-15. Yüzyıllar)                 (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5

A survey of Byzantine history from the struggles and transformations of the 8th and 9th centuries to the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453. Major political, social, economic, and cultural developments, focusing on topics such as social and economic structures, religion as institution and practice, and arts. Developments in the Byzantine world in the context of the medieval world, including the Muslims, the Slavs, the Latin West, and the Crusaders.

 
HIST 401-402 Historiography I, II (Tarih Yazıcılığı I, II)                                                                                                  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 7
A critical and comparative review of Western and Eastern historiography and literary methods. Special attention will be given to the relationship between the historian and his era.
 
HIST 495-496 Thesis I, II (Tez I, II)                                                                                                                                   (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
Analysis of a particular problem in history. Emphasis will be placed on sound methodological approach and comprehensive bibliographical research.
 
ELECTIVE COURSES 
 

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS OF THE ELECTIVE POOL

Please note that courses in the elective pool are not offered each year. Please check the schedule for currently offered courses - http://registration.boun.edu.tr

HIST 203 Introduction to Archaeology I (Arkeolojiye Giris I)   (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Introduction to the field of archaeology, history of archaeology as a discipline in Europe and in Turkey, survey of archaeological methodology and techniques, site formation processes, analysis and interpretation of material culture, absolute and relative dating, interdisciplinary co-operation in archaeological projects.

HIST 204 Introduction to Archaeology II (Arkeolojiye Giris II)  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
A critical review of recent theoretical debates: classical archaeology vs. anthropological archaeology, traditional vs. "New Archaeology," post-processual archaeology, cognitive archaeology.
Prerequisite: HIST 203.

HIST 205 Introduction to the History of Art and Visual Culture (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Sanat ve Gorsel Kultur Tarihine Giris) 
I
ntroduction to the historical study of art and visual culture. A selective survey of major trends and significant monuments in world art and architecture. Cultural, political and aesthetical context of the production and use of works of art. Key concepts in the analysis and interpretation of visual arts; the place of art and visual culture in the wider cultural patterns of societies.

HIST 211 Ancient History and Archaeology of the Near East I (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Yakin Dogu'nun Ilkcag Tarihi ve Arkeolojisi I)

Survey of major transformations in the early history of the Ancient Near East from mobile hunter-gatherers to sedentary villagers, large urban centers, and state formation and early empires. Investigation of areas including Anatolia, Iran, Iraq, Syria and Palestine.

HIST 212 Ancient History and Archaeology of the Near East II (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Yakin Dogu'nun Ilkcag Tarihi ve Arkeolojisi II)
Survey of historical periods in the Ancient Near East within a chronological framework from the end of the third millennium to the fifth century B.C., integration of archaeological evidence with textual information for the historical narrative of the development of the Near East until the impact of Hellenism.

HIST 213History of Medieval Europe, 400 – 1100 (Ortaçag Avrupasi'nin Tarihi, 400 – 1100) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Western European History from the break-up of the Roman Empire to the end of the 11th century. Focus on major political, social and economic developments; cultural and intellectual patterns. The fall of Rome, spread of Christianity, feudal society and economy, gender, movement of peoples. Discussion of transcultural connections and historiographic issues.

HIST 214 History of Medieval Europe, 1100 – 1400 (Ortaçag Avrupasi'nin Tarihi, 1100 – 1400) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Western European history from the 11th to the mid-15th century. Focus on major political, social and economic developments; cultural and intellectual patterns. The peasent economy and feudal society, law and government, commerce and cities, the organization of medieval trade, gulids and urban industry, demography, gender, social thought, the rise of universities, the black death, Crusades. Discussion of transcultural connections and historiographic issues.

HIST 231 Islamic History and Societies, 1000-1500  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Islam Tarihi ve Toplumlari, 600-1000)
The formation and transformation of Islamic societies starting with the rise of Islam in Arabia until the eleventh century. The foundations of Islam, the impact of conquest, the context of religious dissent and schism, concepts of leadership, the implications of sectarian divisions, status of non-muslim communities, the challenges faced by the caliphal-imperial order, law and society, reasons of political fragmentation, philosophical and scientific ventures, encounters in art and architecture, expression of Arab and Iranian identities through literature, urban culture, international trade, writing as a cultural value.

HIST 232 Islamic History and Societies, 1000-1500 (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Islam Tarihi ve Toplumlari, 600-1000)

A survey of Islamic societies from the decline of caliphal-imperial authority to the emergence of the three early modern empires (Safavid, Ottoman and Mugal). The establishment of Turkic dynasties, the expansion of Islam into Anatolia and South Asia, the rise and role of the New Persian Language, the institutionalization of Sufizm, the rise of the madrasa, impact of the crusades, theoretical and applied sciences, Mongol invasions, post-Mongol social and political re-ordering.

HIST 233 History of the Balkans (Balkanlar Tarihi)   (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
A survey course on the Balkan peninsula under Ottoman rule and the gradual emergence of nationally-inspired independence movements and polities during the 19th and early 20th centuries.

HIST 234 History of the Modern Middle East  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Modern Orta Dogu Tarihi)

A course designed to provide students with an understanding of the gradual formation of the Middle East during and after Ottoman rule, starting with the rise of Muhammad Ali, with an emphasis on the processes of decentralization and autonomous state formation in the region until the end of World War I.

HIST 235 Ottoman Cultural History (Osmanli Kultur Tarihi)  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Survey of Ottoman cultural history from the early fourteenth to the beginning of the twentieth centuries. Critical readings in changing cultural realities of the Ottoman realm. Themes on the elite and popular culture, forms of Ottoman sociability, patterns of daily life, gender and the family, religious and intellectual practices, perceptions and uses of urban space, the question of reform and "westernization", strategies of self-identification and the status of non-Muslim communities.

HIST 301-302 Social Theory and History  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Sosyal Teori ve Tarih)

This course explores theoretical and methodological issues in historical research in the light of contemporary social theory. Theoretical models developed in the last century are studied, with special emphasis on recent discussions. Importance of terminology and analytical categories in the study of society and history is particularly stressed. The course also looks at how subject matter of historical research has shifted and expanded as a result of developments in social theory.

HIST 303 Oral History (Sozlu Tarih) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Introduction to the theory and the methodology of the newly developing field of Oral History, with a focus on its contribution to historiography in general. Issues including narrative, interviewing techniques, life history and ethics in oral history research.

HIST 310 History of the Americas, 1750 to the Present  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6
(1750'den Gunumuze Amerika Tarihi)

Introductory material will deal with constructing a background of what the new world meant for the old in the context of mercantile capitalism. This will be followed by a survey of the interdependent and unequal development of two continents from George Washington to Simon Bolivar: The making of the American Revolution and its global significance. The course will also cover major topics such as the contradictions of US emergence as a world power, civil rights, populism, democracy and dictatorship in the American continent.

HIST 311-312 European Social and Economic History I, II (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Avrupa Sosyal ve Ekonomik Tarihi)

This two-semester course is designed to provide students with an understanding of European social and economic development from the late Middle Ages to the early twentieth century. Particular stress is given to the rise of the bourgeoisie and capitalism, to changes in agricultural protoindustrial organization, the industrial revolution and nineteenth century industrialization as well as social movements of the same period.

HIST 313-314 History of Asian Civilizations I, II  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Asya Uygarliklari Tarihi I, II)

 A survey of the historical changes in East Asia with an emphasis on the traditional ideas and the institutions of Japan and China that have contributed to the dynamics of modernization in East Asia.

HIST 323 Intellectual History of the Late Ottoman Empire (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Son Donem Osmanli Imparatorlugu Dusunce Tarihi) 

This course will examine critically the intellectual transformations taking place in the Ottoman state between 1808 and 1914. The course will cover major trends such as Tanzimat Secularism, the Islamic reform movements of the 1860's and 1890's, and the emergence of Turkism. The material covered will range from the works of Namik Kemal to Yusuf Akcura, with a special emphasis on the Hamidian period (1876-1909).

HIST 324 Intellectual History of Republican Turkey  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Cumhuriyet Turkiye'sinin Dusunce Tarihi)

This course will cover the emergence of Kemalism and the corporatist ideology of the early Republic (1924-1939), giving emphasis to topics such as the Turkish Hearths movement (Turk Ocaklari) and the ideology of movements which emerged out of Kemalism such as kadro group of intellectuals.

HIST 325-326 History of the Turkic Peoples (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5                  
(Turk Halklarin Tarihi)

A history of the Turkic peoples living in the Caucasus and Central Asia with an emphasis on their cultural, political and social conditions. Contemporary developments in the Turkic world will be discussed from an historical perspective.

HIST 331 History of Ancient Anatolia I  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5                         
(Ilkcag Anadolu Tarihi I)

Survey of Anatolian archaeology and history from the third millennium B.C. to the end of the second millennium or the collapse of the Hittite Empire; Anatolian material culture and historical evidence in the framework of Eastern Mediterranean long-term developments.

HIST 332 History of Ancient Anatolia II (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5  
(Ilkcag Anadolu Tarihi II)

Survey of Anatolian archaeology and history from the end of the second millennium to the seventh century B.C. Anatolian material culture and historical evidence seen in Near Eastern and Aegean context.

HIST 333 Hittite History and Archaeology  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5 
(Hitit Tarihi ve Arkeolojisi)

Survey of material culture and translations of Hittite texts. Political and cultural history, mythology and religion, as well as developments in art and architecture; assessment of Hittite cultural synthesis in an Anatolian context and within the larger framework of the Eastern Mediterranean.

HIST 334 Anatolian Iron Age (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Anadolu Demir Cagi)

Survey of Anatolian Iron Age cultures from the disintegration of the Hittite Empire to the 6th century B.C. covering the Neo-Hittite city-states, Urartian Kingdom, Phrygia, Lydia and Caria. Topics include cultural continuity, impact of the Assyrian Empire, Phoenician and Greek cultural, and economic interactions with Anatolia.

HIST 337 Byzantine Art and Architecture I (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Bizans Sanati ve Mimarisi I)

Survey of the art and architecture of the Byzantine Empire from the 4th to the end of the 9th centuries. Topics covered are the appearance of early Christian art, the formation of an official imperial Christian imagery, and the questioning of figural art during Iconoclasm. Special emphasis on matters of artistic production, representation, and imperial display.

HIST 338 Byzantine Art and Architecture II (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Bizans Sanati ve Mimarisi II)

Survey of the art and architecture of the Byzantine Empire from the 10th to the 15th centuries. Discussion of the artistic and architectural production in Byzantium in the context of social and political transformations under the dynasties of the Macedonians and the Komnenians, the Latin Empire that was established in the aftermath of the 4th crusade, and finally the Palaiologans. Particular emphasis on the uses of the classical Greek heritage and the interactions with neighbouring cultures.

HIST 341 Aegean History and Archaeology I (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Ege Tarihi ve Arkeolojisi I)

Survey of Aegean Archaeology starting from the Neolithic period to the end of the second millennium, covering mainland Greece, Aegean Islands, Western Anatolia, Crete and Cyprus.

HIST 342 Aegean History and Archaeology II  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Ege Tarihi ve Arkeolojisi II)

Survey of Aegean archaeology and history from the end of the second millennium to the sixth century B.C. The cultural foundations and basis of classical antiquity within the larger Eastern Mediterranean context.

HIST 343 History and Archaeology of Ancient Iran I (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Antik Iİran Tarihi ve Arkeolojisi I)

Survey of ancient Iranian archaeology and history starting from the Neolithic period to the end of the third millennium BC, covering prehistoric developments of the region, the Uruk expansion into the Iranian Plateau and the ensuing Proto-Elamite period including its ties to the Central Asian cultures. Topics include regional differentiation, impact of contact with Mesopotamian urban culture, development of urban complexity and commercial ties to cultures in Central Asia and the Indus Valley.

HIST 344 History and Archaeology of Ancient Iran II (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Antik Iran Tarihi ve Arkeolojisi II)

Survey of ancient Iranian archaeology and history from the beginning of the second millennium to the fourth century B.C., covering the Elamite and Neo-Elamite periods until the establishment of the Achaemenid Persian Empire and its encounter with the Hellenized world. Topics include the interaction of successive regional polities with neighboring states and the development of complex economic, political and social structures and institutions within the Eastern Mediterranean framework and extending to the Indus Valley and Afghanistan. 

HIST 345 Art and Archaeology of the Ancient Greek World (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Antik Yunan Tarihi ve Arkeolojisi)

Archaeological survey from the Protogeometric, Geometric, Archaic and Classic to the Hellenistic periods covering 9th until the 3rd centuries B.C. Examining the material remains and the developing styles in sculpture, vase painting, architecture, and the minor arts. Principal sites and monuments are examined in an attempt to reconstruct the material culture of antiquity. 
 
HIST 346 Art and Archaeology of the Ancient Roman World (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Antik Roma Tarihi ve Arkeolojisi)

Archaeological survey of the ancient Romans from the beginnings of the city of Rome in the early Iron Age to Late Antiquity focusing on major developments in Roman material culture, particularly artworks, buildings, and cities. Emphasis on topics ranging from commemorative and decorative art, historical narrative, and political iconography to building types and functions and the specific Etrusco-Roman notion of space, land division, and city planning.

HIST 351 Art and Architecture of the Islamic World I  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Islam Dunyasinda Sanat ve Mimarlik I)

A survey of the art and architecture of the Islamic world from the 7th through the 13th centuries. Artistic patronage of various dynasties in the Middle East and the Mediterranean; aesthetical, cultural and political context of the production and use of works of art; cultural encounters with traditions within and outside of the Islamic world.

HIST 352 Art and Architecture of Anatolia in the Seljuk and Beylik Periods
(Anadolu'nun Selcuklu ve Beylikler Doneminde Sanat ve Mimarlık Tarihi) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5

A survey of art and architecture in Anatolia in the Seljuk and Beylik periods, from the period of the formation of early Turkic states at the end of the 11th century to the establishment of Ottoman hegemony in the 15th century. Emphasis on the process of settlement and the consequences of cultural and political interaction with Byzantium, Iran, Syria, and Egypt. Introduction of primary sources such as endowment documents, travel literature and inscriptions in order to contextualize the visual culture in the socio-political transformation of medieval Anatolia with particular attention to the question of identity.

HIST 353 The Art and Architecture of the Middle Ages (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Orta Caglarin Sanat ve Mimarligi)

Medieval art and architecture in the Christian East, Europe and the Islamic world between the 4th and the 14th centuries. Emphasis on the larger cultural, political, and social context of medieval art and architecture; cross-cultural interactions and influences between the Christian and the Islamic worlds.

HIST 354 Renaissance, Baroque Art and Architecture  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Ronesans, Barok Sanat ve Mimarligi)

A survey of trends in European art and architecture between the 14th and the 18th centuries. The role of the major urban centers of southern and northern Europe in shaping the new intellectual position of the artist in society; the meaning of the classical heritage; the role of patronage; the formation of genres; the interaction between centers and peripheries; the evolution of concepts of space in relation to social and scientific developments.

HIST 355 History of Modern Art and Architecture  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Modern Sanat ve Mimarligin Tarihi) 

A survey of artistic and architectural production from the late eighteenth century to recent trends. The connections between social transformations and the emergence of new paradigms of visual representation and expression; the interaction between regional and global trends, between western and non-western worlds, between tradition and innovation.

HIST 356 Art and Architecture of the Islamic World II (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Islam Dunyasinda Sanat ve Mimarlik II)

A survey of the art and architecture of the Islamic world between the 14th and 19th centuries. Artistic patronage of various dynasties in the Middle East and the Mediterranean; aesthetical, cultural and political context of the production and use of works of art; cultural encounters with traditions within and outside of the Islamic world.

HIST 358 Architecture and Urbanism in the Mediterranean World (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5 
(Akdeniz'de Mimarlik ve Sehircilik)

Architectural and urban practices in the Mediterranean basin in a wide range of political and cultural contexts from the late medieval period to the early twentieth-century. Comparative perspectives for the study of the material environment. The interconnected nature of architectural and urban practices around the Mediterranean, discussion of conventional definitions and categorizations such as "Islamic vs. Western", "Mediterranean".

HIST 403 History and Anthropology (Tarih ve Antropoloji) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
The course examines the evolution of the disciplines of anthropology and history, focusing on the recent developments in methodology, theory, and subject matter. The course will show how anthropology's comparative approach to economic activity, political organization, symbols and cultural communication, language, kinship, ritual and cultural performance has become important for historical understanding of societies and also how history has become an important part of anthropological research. Current state of anthropological and historical research is surveyed and interdisciplinary and comparative studies from both disciplines are discussed.

HIST 405 Methods in Economic History  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5      
(Ekonomik Tarihte Yontemler)

This course will offer students with special interest for economic history an analysis of the nature and methods of this field of studies. It will mainly concentrate on certain notions of economic theory, an analysis and criticism of sources, problems of interpretation and of methodology, with reference to illustrative cases in European and Ottoman economic history.

HIST 406 Financial and Monetary History (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5        
(Finans ve Para Tarihi)

A branch of economic history, financial and monetary history concentrates mainly on problems related to financial, fiscal and monetary aspects of history. This course will sketch the main developments in this area both in Europe and the Ottoman Empire and thus provide students with information on monetary theory and policies, the birth and development of credit and banking institutions and the relationship between state and finance in history.

HIST 407 History and Architecture (Tarih ve Mimarlik) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
A history of world architecture from ancient times to the 20th century. Selective survey of major monuments and trends within their wider cultural and historical context. Key issues and concepts in the historical analysis and interpretation of architecture.

HIST 408 History and Urbanism (Tarih ve Sehircilik)  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
A history of urbanism from ancient to modern times. Survey of available evidence on the emergence of the city, and its transformations through various periods in history up to the emergence of the industrial city. Special emphasis on the Near East and the Mediterranean basin. Discussion of notions of "city" and "urbanism" in various contexts.

HIST 409 The European Enlightenment (Avrupa'da Aydinlanma Cagi)  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
The nature and diffusion of the Enlightenment in later 17th and 18th century Europe. Critique of received wisdom, "daring to know", and the emergence of a new science of man in society and a new epistemology in the writings of thinkers such as Descartes, Newton, Locke, Shaftesbury, Voltaire, Pufendorf, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Diderot, Hume, d'Holbach, Condorcet, Smith and Kant. Ideas of toleration, deism, natural law and natural rights, individual and Society, liberty and equality, happiness, progress, political economy, virtuous citizenship and the role of women. The 'republic of letters' that emerged through academies, coffee houses, correspondance, salons and publication, which developed into a critical 'public sphere'. The socio-political dimensions of the Enlightenment, its relationship to the French revolution and the modern world.

HIST 411 Nationalism and Imperialism 1789-1914 (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Milliyetcilik ve Emperyalizm, 1789-1914) 
This course will examine the emergence of the idea of Nationalism from its beginnings in the French Revolution to the outbreak of the Great War. It will be a course which combines a theoretical assessment of nationalism with the actual development of events. The ideology of the French Revolution and the transformation of the original ideas in documents such as the declaration of the rights of man and citizen, the 1848 movements and the emergence of Colonialism will constitute major themes.

HIST 412 History of War and Revolution 1900-1945  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Savas ve Devrim Tarihi, 1900-1945)

This course will be a study of the First and Second World Wars as an outcome of Nationalism and Imperialism. The rise of Fascism, the Russian Revolution, and the emergence of single party regimes in Germany and Italy will be the major topics of study.

HIST 413-414 History of the 20th Century (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5                 
(Yirminci Yuzyil Tarihi)

This course will focus mostly on the post-World War II world of decolonization, the emergence of Third World nationalism, Asian and African state formation, and the Cold War. In the European context, the main topics will be the emergence of the idea of the Common Market from the Treaty of Rome to the present day.

HIST 415-416 Seminar in Ottoman History (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Osmanli Tarihi Semineri)

An in-depth study of selected topics in Ottoman history from the rise of the Empire down to the Tanzimat. The course will be organized around readings on selected themes in institutional, social and intellectual history.

HIST 417 Economic History of the Twentieth Century (3+0+0) 3 
(Yirminci Yuzyilin Iktisat Tarihi)

Study of economic and social history with special emphasis on Europe and the United States since the First World War through various dramatic social and political upheavals, economic crises and frequent wars. Effects of these developments on the rest of the world. Contemporary debates about capitalist economies (societies) through a historical perspective.

HIST 421-422 Ottoman Social and Economic History  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Osmanli Sosyal ve Ekonomik Tarihi)

Complementing courses on Ottoman history and parallel to courses on European social and economic history, these courses will address the main issues related to economic and social life in the Ottoman Empire, and aspects of change starting with the sixteenth century; special emphasis will be given to the economic organization of the Empire, the role of the state in the economy, the impact of Western economies on the Ottoman economy, and the attempts at modernization/rationalization of the nineteenth century.

HIST 423-424 Social and Economic History of Republican Turkey (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5 
(Cumhuriyet Donemi Turkiye Sosyal ve Ekonomik Tarihi) 

A critical and comparative review of the social and economic development of Republican Turkey. Emphasis will be on the cultural trends, demographic changes and urbanization.

HIST 425 History of the Middle East in the Nineteenth Century  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Ondokuzuncu Yuzyil Orta Dogu Tarihi)

The dynamics of the capitalist transformation in the region from the end of the eighteenth century to World War I. The impact of Ottoman administration on the social and economic life of the Middle East. The analysis of rural-urban and inter-communal relations, the emergence of new communal and social structures, the rise of local nationalisms.

HIST 426 History of the Middle East in the Twentieth Century   (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Yirminci Yuzyil Orta Dogu Tarihi)

The transformation of the region during and in the aftermath of World War I. The colonial and state-building experiences of the post-Ottoman period. The social and political impact of the colonial legacy, of nationalism, and of political Islam. The role of the state in economic policy making from post-World War II interventionism to post-1980 liberalization.

HIST 428 Chinese History from Ancient Times to Modernity I (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Antik Cagdan Gunumuze Cin Tarihi I)

Historical knowledge about China roughly starting from the Shang Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty describing how the economic, military, social and political institutions transformed throughout history in China. Emphasis on the unification of China during the Qin Empire (221 BC) as well as the dynasties established after the fall of Qin – namely, Han, Sui, Tang, Song and Ming Dynasties.

HIST 429 Chinese History from Ancient Times to Modernity II (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Antik Cagdan Gunumuze Cin Tarihi II)

Historical analysis of how modern China came into being starting with Ming Dynasty, continuing with the Manchu invasion and the consequently established Qing Dynasty,. The 1911 Xinhai Revolution and the building of the Republic of China. The 1949 Communist Revolution and 1978 open-market reforms. Economic transformation, empire and nation-state dichotomy, ethnicity, gender, and revolution.

HIST 430 China and the Silk Road (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Cin ve Ipek Yolu)

Topics in China`s historical interaction with the peoples and cultures of the Silk Road from antiquity to modern times.

HIST 431-432 Chinese History I, II (Cin Tarihi I, II)   (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Selected topics in the history of imperial and modern China. The course will emphasize major periods and themes in the political, social, and economic developments as well as the cultural, intellectual, and institutional history of the Chinese world.

HIST 433-434 Japanese History I, II (Japon Tarihi I, II) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Selected topics in the history of feudal and modern Japan. The course will emphasize major periods, topics in the political, social, and economic developments as well as the cultural, intellectual, and institutional history of Japan.

HIST 435-436 Central Asian History (Orta Asya Tarihi) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Analysis of nomads and the frontier in Central Asian history with an emphasis on major sources. The course will also cover the history of the nomadic peoples in Eurasia and their cultural, political and economic relations with sedentary civilizations.

HIST 437 Korean History I (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Kore Tarihi I)

Korean history in the periods from the formation of the Three Kingdoms (668 A.D.) to the Early Period of Choson, which is the last dynasty of Korea, until the Japanese Invasions in 1590s. Emphasis on selected topics in the political, social, and economic developments as well as the cultural, intellectual and institutional history of Korean Peninsula.

HIST 438 Korean History II (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Kore Tarihi II)

Modern history of Korea from the late Choson Period (16th to 19th century), and the Colonial Period (1905-1945) to the Korean War (1950-1953). Emphasis on the political, social, and economic transitions together with the cultural, intellectual, and institutional transformations.

HIST 439 History of Japan's International Relations (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Japonya'nin Uluslararasi IIiskiler Tarihi)

Japan's international relations with emphasis on the modern period from a global perspective. In addition to diplomatic relations, transnational connections and networks. Japanese relations with the Western World and China as well as Central Asia, Latin America, and the Mediterranean. Discussion of major issues in Japanese-Turkish relations and the Muslim world.

HIST 440 Paths of Modernity in Asia (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Asya'da Cagdaslik Yollari)

History of modernity in Asia with emphasis on Japan, China, and India. Comparison with vibrant historical issues of modernity in Turkey. Global Asian history of nationalism, imperialism, colonialism, and modern state and society interconnected with modern Europe.

HIST 442 History of the Roman Republic and Empire (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Roma Cumhuriyeti ve Imparatorlugu)

History of the Roman world from the beginnings of the Republic in the 6th century BC to the crisis of the empire in the 3rd century AD. Topics covered include political, social, economic and cultural developments in the Mediterranean basin under the republican and imperial rule of the Romans. Special emphasis on administration, daily life and religion in the Eastern provinces with intensive use of ancient sources, translated into English.

HIST 443 Seminar in Byzantine History  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5                       
(Bizans Tarihi Semineri)

Detailed investigation of a selected topic in the social, economic, political, or cultural history of the Byzantine Empire, with particular attention to major controversies or disputed questions of historical analysis and interpretation. Students are expected to read relevant primary sources in English translation, explore archaeological and/or artistic evidence if available, and evaluate critically the secondary literature on the chosen topic.

HIST 444 Seminar in Medieval European History  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Ortacag Avrupasi Tarihi Semineri)

Detailed investigation of a selected topic in the social, economic, institutional, or cultural history of the medieval West, A.D. 500-1500. Particular attention will be given to historigraphical controversies or disputed questions of historical analysis and interpretation. Students will familiarize themselves with a wide range of primary sources and secondary texts.

HIST 445-446 Seminar in Mediterranean History  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Akdeniz Tarihi Semineri)

The aim of this seminar will be to concentrate on the Mediterranean basin as a whole, over a period extending from the rise of the Italian city-states to World-War I. This global vision will, in a more or less Braudelian way, extend to the political, economic, social and cultural history of this region, analyzing its rise to predominance until the seventeenth century and its gradual decay from the eighteenth century on.

HIST 447-448 Seminar in Modern European History  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Modern Avrupa Tarihi Semineri) 

This will be an upper level course consisting of reading and paper writing on topics seen in HIST 411-412 or HIST 413-414.

HIST 449 Seminar in Ottoman Sources (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5          
(Osmanli Kaynaklari Semineri) 

A selected reading of Ottoman sources in English and Turkish. Each selection will be studied for what it reveals about Ottoman culture, society and institutions.

HIST 451 Ottoman Art and Architecture  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5                    
(Osmanli Sanat ve Mimarligi)

A survey of Ottoman art and architecture from the 14th to the early 20th century. Emergence of Ottoman artistic practices within the context of the cultural and political milieu of late medieval Anatolia and Balkans; formation of new visual idioms and transformations of Ottoman art as they parallel broader transformations in Ottoman state and society; the relation of Ottoman art and culture to neighboring and contemporary cultures.

HIST 452 Architecture in Republican Turkey   (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Cumhuriyet Turkiye'sinde Mimarlik) 

Modern Turkish architecture and city planning during the 20th century. Special emphasis on the planning and physical development of Ankara in the formative years of the Turkish Republic. Surveys of the emergence of the "First National Architectural Movement" after the 1908 revolution, the impact of the European modernist movement in the early decades of the republic, the emergence of the "Second National Architectural Movement" in the 1950's and early 1960's.

HIST 453 Seminar in the History of Art and Architecture  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Sanat ve Mimarlik Tarihi Semineri) 
In-depth study of a selected topic in the history of art and architecture. Discussion of major studies and relevant primary sources on the subject, and examination of central issues related to the topic. Aims to familiarize students with the conceptual tools of the discipline through the study of a particular issue.

HIST 454 The History of Art and Culture in Asia (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 8
(Asya Sanat ve Kulturu Tarihi)

Introduction to the art and culture of Asia from the first millennium B.C. to the present with special emphasis on India, China, and Japan. A cross-cultural perspective to the study of regional and dynastic expressions of Asian art and architecture in the context of religious beliefs, social and political rituals, and daily life.

HIST 455-456 History of Performing Arts in Turkey   (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Turkiye'de Gosteri Sanatlari Tarihi)

This course focuses on the history of social and cultural performances in Ottoman and Republican Turkey. The course attempts to define "performance" and to study its relevance for an understanding of Turkish history. The history of various performing arts is surveyed, with a focus on the formal, contextual, social and functional transformations through time and space.

HIST 460 History of Modern South Asia (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Modern Guney Asya Tarihi)

A survey of the colonial and post-colonial history of South Asia. The modernization process of this vast geography beginning with the 19th century and its various societies and cultures in the context of British colonialism. Focus on colonial legacy and on the development of the historical literature of post-colonialism from after World War II to post 1980 liberalization.

HIST 461 Cultural History of Iran I (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Iran Kultur Tarihi I)

An in-depth interdisciplinary introduction to the cultural history of the greater Iranian world from Mesopotamia to Central Asia from Late Antiquity (5th - 7th c.) to the coming of the Mongols (13th c.). A survey of the political and social history; study of such major themes as kingship and court culture, Islamization, linguistic heritage, literary revival, poetry, socio-religious institutions, trade and exchange, architecture, and the arts (ceramics, metalwork, painting).

HIST 462 Cultural History of Iran II (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Iran Kultur Tarihi II)

An in-depth interdisciplinary study to the cultural history of Iran in the aftermath of the Mongol invasions in the 13th century until the decline of the Safavid Empire in the late 17th century. Focus on the Ilkhanid, Timurid, and Safavid dynasties in terms of cultural identity, rivalry and influence as well as relations with Mamluks, Anatolia, India, and Europe. Detailed study of court culture, history writing, diplomatic missions, poetry, Sufism, Sunni and Shi'a Islam, architectural patronage, court workshops, and urban transformations. 

HIST 471 Readings in Ancient Near Eastern Texts I  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Ilkcag Yakin Dogu Metinlerinde Okumalar I)

Introduction to the cuneiform writing system, Akkadian grammar and vocabulary. Translations of simple texts (i.e. Hammurabi's Law Codex).

HIST 472 Readings in Ancient Near Eastern Texts II  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Ilkcag Yakin Dogu Metinlerinde Okumalar II) 

Akkadian grammar and vocabulary, translations of texts from Old Assyrian Merchant Archives.
Prerequisite: HIST 471.

HIST 475 Readings in Ancient Anatolian Texts I  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Ilkcag Anadolu Metinlerinde Okumalar I)

Introduction to Hittite cuneiform and grammar. Translation of simple texts.

HIST 476 Readings in Ancient Anatolian Texts II  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Ilkcag Anadolu Metinlerinde Okumalar II) 

Introduction to Hittite cuneiform and grammar. Translation of simple texts.

HIST 479 History of Nationalism in the Balkans I: From the Orthodox millet to the Balkan nations, 18th -19th c. (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Balkanlar'da Milliyetciligin Tarihi I: Orthodoks Millet Anlayisindan Balkan Devletlerine, 18. - 19. yy.)

Survey of the emergence and proliferation of national ideologies among the Orthodox populations of the Ottoman Empire and of the uprisings which resulted with the creation of the Balkan nation-states. Chronological analysis of the period between the Küçük Kaynarca treaty (1774) and the Berlin treaty (1878). Focus on the gradual articulation of nationalist discourses as a result both of the influence of Western radical ideologies and of the intellectual production within the newly born states.

HIST 480 History of Nationalism in the Balkans II: From Independence to State Modernization, 19th-20th c. (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Balkanlar'da Milliyetciligin Tarihi II: Bagimsizliktan Modernizasyona, 19. – 20. yy.)
A survey of the consolidation of the Balkan nation-states and the projects of political and cultural modernization, launched by their political elites. Chronological coverage of the period between the Berlin Treaty (1878) and the end of WWI (1918).

HIST 48A - 48Z Special Topics in History (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Tarihte Secilmis Konular)

Study of selected topics in history not covered in other courses at undergraduate level. 
 
HIST 49A - 49Z Special Topics in History (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Tarihte Secilmis Konular) 

Study of selected topics in history not covered in other courses at undergraduate level.

HIST 489 - 494 Special Topics in History (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Tarihte Secilmis Konular)

Study of selected topics in history not covered in other courses at undergraduate level.

HIST 497 - 499 Special Topics in History (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Tarihte Secilmis Konular)

Study of selected topics in history not covered in other courses at undergraduate level.

JAPANESE LANGUAGE PROGRAM

JP 101 Beginners Japanese I (Japonca'ya Giris I)  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Equip the students with conversation, reading, writing, and comprehension skills in Japanese. Basic Japanese grammatical forms, daily conversation, with emphasis on the Hiragana writing system.

JP 102 Beginners Japanese II (Japonca'ya Giris II)  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Focus on the Progressive Tense (Te-form), dictionary forms of verbs, adjectives and comparatives-superlatives in Japanese. Introduction to the Katakana writing system and 100 Kanji (ideograms).

JP 201 Intermediate Japanese I (Orta Duzey Japonca I) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Complex sentence structures; if-clauses, time expressions (sentences with when), and plain versus polite style Japanese. Reading and writing 100 new Kanji.
Prerequisites: JP 101 and 102 or consent of the instructor.

JP 202 Intermediate Japanese II (Orta Duzey Japonca II) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
 Focus on complex sentence structures. Introduction to active and passive voices, expressions of benefactive acts (giving and receiving acts). Reading and writing 100 new Kanji.
Prerequisite: JP 201 or the consent of  instructor.

JP 301 Upper Intermediate Japanese I (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5  
(Ileri-Orta Duzey Japonca I)

More advanced grammar forms and their usages. Japanese expressions; conversations and reading material in Japanese. Introduction of 190 new reading Kanji and 150 new writing Kanji.                
Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor.

JP 302 Upper Intermediate Japanese II   (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Ileri-Orta Duzey Japonca II) 

Humble Form and Honorific Form (KEIGO). Practice in conversation and reading material. Introduction of 105 new Teaching of the third phase of Intermediate Japanese. The use of the reading Kanji and 125 new writing Kanji.                             
Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor.

JP 401 Advanced Japanese I (Ileri Duzey Japonca I)  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Advanced level conversations and reading materials dealing with topics in social sciences. Introduction of 80 new reading Kanji and 100 new writing Kanji.                                           
Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor.

JP 402 Advanced Japanese II (Ileri Duzey Japonca II) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Advanced Japanese at a deeper level. Advances level conversations and reading materials dealing with topics in natural sciences and technical subjects. Introduction of 80 new reading Kanji and 100 new writing Kanji.                                         
Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor.

JP 403 Japanese-Turkish Translation I (3+2+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Japonca-Turkçe Ceviri I)

Techniques of translation from Japanese literature into Turkish. Translating and providing translational analysis of different literary texts such as poetry, short story, literary criticsm from contemporary Japanese authors. Comparative study on translated texts and methods of solving literary translation problems.
Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. 

JP 404 Japanese-Turkish Translation II (3+2+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Japonca-Turkçe Ceviri II)

Techniques of translation of texts from diverse areas from Japanese into Turkish.
Translational analysis of texts covering various fields such as economy, politics, art and translation theory with related translation exercises. Further enhancement of translation skills on current issues, selected from various Japanese magazines and newspapers. Comparative study on translated texts. Problems of terminology in translation.
Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor.

JP 405 Classical Japanese (3+2+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Klasik Japonca)

An introduction to Classical Japanese for students who have completed their formal study of modern standard Japanese. Lectures and exercises on the phonology and grammar of Early Middle Japanese of the Heian period. Focus on how to read, translate and interpret literary works such as Genji Monogatari or other similar texts of Heian period.
Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor.

JP 501 Translation of Modern and Classical Turkish Texts into Japanese I
(Cagdas ve Klasik Turkce Metinlerin Japonca'ya Cevirisi I) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5

Developing the skills for advanced level reading and writing. Improvement of the skills required for translating modern and classical Japanese texts with emphasis on classical Japanese grammar and vocabulary. Translation of newspaper articles and literary works from Turkish into Japanese.

JP 502 Translation of Modern and Classical Japanese Texts II  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Cagdas ve Klasik Japonca Metin Cevirisi II) 

Advanced Japanese reading and writing. Translation of articles and newspaper texts from Japanese to Turkish. Emphasis on classic Japanese grammar and vocabulary.

CHINESE LANGUAGE PROGRAM

CHIN 101 Beginners Chinese I (Cince'ye Giris I)  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Emphasis on intensive reading, conversation and simple sentence structures in grammar. Listening, writing, and introduction to 100 ideograms.

CHIN 102 Beginners Chinese II (Cince'ye Giris II) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Emphasis on intensive reading, conversation and grammar. Listening, writing, and another 100 ideograms.
Prerequisite: CHIN 101 or consent of the instructor.

CHIN 201 Intermediate Chinese I (Orta Duzey Cince I) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Emphasis on reading and complex structures in grammar. Conversation and additional 200 ideograms.
Prerequisite: CHIN 102 or consent of the instructor.

CHIN 202 Intermediate Chinese II (Orta Duzey Cince II) (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Emphasis on reading and more complex structures in grammar. Conversation and additional 200 ideograms.
Prerequisite: CHIN 201 or consent of the instructor.

CHIN 301 Advanced Chinese I (Ileri Duzey Cince I)  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Reading, grammar, conversation, and writing at advanced level. Introduction to readings in Chinese culture. Use of additional 300 ideograms.
Prerequisite: CHIN 202 or consent of the instructor.

CHIN 302 Advanced Chinese II (Ileri Duzey Cince II)  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
Extending reading, grammar, conversation, and writing at advanced level. Readings in Chinese culture. Additional 300 ideograms.
Prerequisite: CHIN 301 or consent of the instructor.

CHIN 401 Readings in Chinese Culture I (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Cin Kulturu Üzerine Okumalar I) 

Reading, grammar, conversation and writing. Advanced readings in Chinese history and culture. Learning additional 500 ideograms of advanced vocabulary on history and culture.
Prerequisite: CHIN 302 or consent of the instructor.

CHIN 402 Readings in Chinese Culture II  (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 5
(Cin Kulturu Üzerine Okumalar II) 

Reading, grammar, translation according to Chinese ability. Readings in classical Chinese literature. Use of additional 500 ideograms.
Prerequisite: CHIN 401 or consent of the instructor.